Spread of false hadith rampant despite detection guidelines
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN
FALSE hadith continue to be spread even though scholars of hadith have given detailed guidelines to screen and identify false hadith, said Deputy Director of Institute of Islam Hadhari, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia yesterday.
Prof Datin Paduka Dr Jawiah Dakir said this at the opening ceremony of the International Seminar on Sunnah Nabawiyyah and its Contemporary Challenges at Universiti Sultan Sharif Ali (UNISSA) yesterday.
Hadith is a narrative record of the sayings or customs of Muhammad and his companions, while sunnah refers to the practices, customs and traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW).
She added studies also show that false hadith is rampant in the Malay society through the spread of religious texts or its translations. It can be spread through religious lectures in religious premises such as mosques and prayer halls, Friday sermons, formal and informal classes where often access to this type of hadith is open and free.
All Muslims are required to adhere to the Qur’an and Sunnah or Hadith. This obligation requires Muslims to make sure that all their practices and actions are consistent with these two sources. Rasulullah SAW (Peace Be Upon Him) insisted that all practices contrary to the teachings of Islam are rejected (hadith narrated by Al-Bukhari). Any distortion, exaggeration and reduction/changes to the Quran and the Sunnah or Hadith is a crime under Islam.
It is important to identify whether the practice and understanding of Muslims are sourced from authentic hadith or sunnah.
The importance of knowledge at the present time is due to the dissemination of distorted or deviant teachings of Islam whether intentionally or unintentionally.
What is worse was that these (knowledge) allegedly came from Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him), when in fact it was not from him.
Failure to understand and identify authentic sunnah or hadith, means failure to properly implement it.
There are several methods in understanding hadith. An example was by examining whether it contradict with Al-Quran as well as to understand the reason and purpose in which it was spoken, she said.
All that was delivered by the Prophet Peace Be Upon Him) is the order of Allah (SWT). Without hadith or sunnah of the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him it will be harder for Muslims to implement and appreciate the teachings of Allah (SWT) as contained in Al- Quran, she said.
History had shown that the sahabat (companions) of Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him) who had focused most of their lives in learning al-Quran and the hadith from Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him), has shown that they have emerged as knowledgeable Muslims. They were capable of ‘ijtihad’ (a technical term of Islamic law that describes the process of making a legal decision by independent interpretation of the legal sources, the Al-Quran and the Sunnah) and mastering various fields related to the Islamic knowledge.
The companion’s persistence and the persistence of the generation that follows-‘Tabiin’, in recording hadith, allowed these hadith to be inherited and used by hundreds of generations until now.
Now, Muslims only need to make efforts to get the books of hadith that are ‘muktabar’ (venerated/ recognised school of thought) and to learn about the hadith from the scriptures. In addition to that, many Muslim countries including Brunei, does not lack the Islamic scholars that can be referred to in the event of any misunderstanding or confusion about the validity or falsity of a hadith, she said.
Prof Datin Dr Jawiah, in her presentation, gave examples of groups that rejected sunnah and hadith that posed a challenge in defending the authentic sunnah and hadith.
A group called ‘ahli al-Quran’, she said reject sunnah as a source of Islamic teachings (syariat). According to them, only Al- Quran is the only the directives and guidelines, she added.
Another group regard Sunnah or Hadith as false teaching that is associated with the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).
They further assumed that it is hadith or Sunnah that makes Muslims weak and backward and cause disunity amongst them.
The Brunei Times