National Qualifications Framework formed

National 1 minute, 57 seconds

BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN

BRUNEI has formed the National Qualifications Framework to classify and streamline all academic qualifications offered in the sultanate.

In a press statement issued by the Ministry of Education yesterday, the framework will be used as a tool to develop guidelines that categorise qualifications based on criteria agreed at the national level.

It will also explain the levels of learning, achieved learning outcomes of study areas, and a credit system based on student academic load.

The BDQF criteria will apply to all the qualifications recognised in Brunei, thereby integrating and linking all qualifications offered and recognised within the nation.

By linking systematic qualifications, the framework would provide education pathways and enable individuals to progress to higher education, the statement read.

There are eight levels of qualifications under the framework, which are divided into three education sectors - schools, technical and vocational, and higher education.

Each level of qualification in the framework is consistent with descriptors in each level which contains five major domains: knowledge and understanding; applied knowledge and understanding; generic cognitive skills, communication, ICT and numeracy skills; as well as autonomy, accountability and teamwork.

Within the school sector, qualifications such as the GCE and IGCSE O level fall within Levels Two and Three in the framework.

Meanwhile, GCE A level, International Baccalaureate Diploma, Sijil Tinggi Pelajaran Ugama, as well as a National Diploma, will all be considered as Level Four qualifications.

A doctoral degree (PhD), under the higher education sector, will be considered a Level Eight qualification – the highest level within the framework.

Established by the Ministry of Education through the Brunei Darussalam National Accreditation Council, the framework was expected to strengthen the existing education system by providing clear guidelines for programme design, systematic naming of qualifications, and the elimination of any confusion on the meaning of each qualification.

It was also hoped that the understanding and confidence of various parties – students, parents, employers, government and non-government agencies, education providers, quality assurance agencies – on the qualification awarding system be enhanced, the statement added.

The framework will be considered a “living document” that would be continuously reviewed and updated in accordance with the latest education developments and changes, noted the statement issued.

Brunei now joins four other ASEAN countries (Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines and Indonesia) in having a national qualifications framework, according to the statement.

The Brunei Times